Sustainable urban sanitation in Odisha

The problem

Nearly half the urban population of India do not have access to basic sanitation. Odisha's smaller urban centres are without piped sewage systems and nearly half of urban households do no have a toilet. The proportion is even higher in slum areas. 

This results in widespread open defecation and most faecal sludge is disposed untreated in the environment.  Septic tanks and pit latrines predominates and current practices point to deficiencies in construction and a lack of proper sludge disposaland treatment facilities.  Although city governments are aware of the issue and acknowledge the need, there are no models demonstrating city-wide successful collection and treatment systems.

What we’re doing to help

Objective: Sustainable sanitation for poor urban communities

Odisha State Urban Sanitation partnership (Project Nirmal)

Location: Angul and Dhenkanal towns, Odisha, India
Number of beneficiaries: 25,000 households (a population of over 100,000) 
Project date: February 2015 - December 2017
Implementing partner: Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi
Partnership: Housing and Urban Development Department of Government of Odisha
Principal funders: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Arghyam, Bangalore
Funding: £1 million

Project Nirmal will support two fast growing urban hubs - Dhenkanal and Angul municipalities in a pilot intervention for sustainable sanitation service.

The Dhenkanal faecal sludge treatment plant was inaugurated in October 2018.  

Increased sanitation coverage of households will be achieved through enabling institutional and financial arrangements and increased private sector participation. The main aim of the initiative will be to inform support frameworks at the state and national levels to enable replicability. The project will aim to achieve the following:

  • Demonstrate State Government and Urban Local Body commitment towards sanitation service delivery in small towns
  • Capacity development of states and cities for effective sanitation service delivery
  • Increase in the number of people in pilot towns with access to better sanitation services
  • Improve city-wide planning approaches for sanitation
  • Demonstrate models for Faecal Sludge Management (“FSM”)

Completed treatment plant in Dhenkanal

Updates from Project Nirmal

Ingenious water and waste solutions changing lives

On Friday, the world is celebrating International Women’s Day. People around the world will be ce...
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Chief Minister inaugurates Dhenkanal’s pioneering faecal sludge treatment plant, Odisha, India

26th October 2018 marked a landmark moment for the town of Dhenkanal, with the ceremon...
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‘Woman’s Hour’ in Odisha

Growing up and becoming a young woman in India can be a confusing, terrifying prospect in some ru...
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Stakeholder engagement

  • Project Steering Committee (PSC) as an apex body of the project has been constituted under the chairmanship of the Commissioner-cum-Secretary to Government, Housing and Urban Development Department, Government of Odisha, to advise, oversee, monitor, review and guide the implementation of Project Nirmal in Angul and Dhenkanal Municipalities.
  • District Coordination Committee (DCC) under the chairmanship of the Collector and District Magistrate of the respective districts of Angul and Dhenkanal has been constituted and notified by the respective district administrations.
  • City Sanitation Task Force (CSTF) under the Chairmanship of the Chairpersons of the respective Municipalities has been constituted and notified by the respective ULBs.
  • Slum Sanitation Committee (SSC) and Ward Sanitation Committee (WSC) have been set up both at the Ward and Slum levels in the form of Slum Sanitation Committee and Ward Sanitation Committee in both the Municipalities

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