Energy for Permanent Housing

Permanent housing after disaster constitutes the last stage of the reconstruction process and provides long term solutions for people affected by disaster. This is achieved either by rebuilding or relocation of the affected populations, which results, in any case, on the proportion of a durable shelter solution. This constitutes a particular situation differing for normal housing, as it gives the opportunity for change and therefore for the introduction of new technologies (such as renewable energy options), making use of the available resources, investment and aid available during the reconstruction process.

Permanent housing differs from emergency and transitional shelter in providing a lasting solution and, therefore, particular options in terms of energy technology appropriate for this stage.

Appropriate Household Energy Technology Development

Although support materials exist in the form of technical information on various household energy technologies, there are few training materials to guide users.

Energy for Rural Communities

Nearly a third of the world's population have no access to grid electricity. Households can use renewable energy to provide electricity.

Biogas Use in Reconstruction

Biogas technology can provide essential energy services in a post-disaster context.

Kerosene and LPG for Reconstruction

Kerosene and LPG can provide essential energy services in a post-disaster context.

Solar energy technologies

Solar Energy: A Reference Guide for Users

A manual organised as a reference guide for those who would like to know more about solar energy, the uses and implementation.

Solar Photovoltaic Energy

Solar photovoltaic energy and a brief description regarding the technology that converst sunlight directly into electricity.

Solar Water Heating

Solar water heaters generally employ a solar collector and a storage tank and provide hot water for washing and heating.


An Introduction to battery types and their use.

Cooking and food preserving technologies

Biomass as a Solid Fuel

Solid biomass includes wood, sawdust, and crop waste which can be used directly or processed into briquettes and charcoal.

Chimney Stoves and Smoke Hoods

Nearly half the world cooks on three-stone fires or basic stoves causing indoor air pollution. This brief looks at ways to reduce pollution.

How to Make an Upesi Stove

The Upesi stove is a ceramic stove designed for rural areas of Kenya. It uses wood as its fuel source.

How to Make Sri Lanka's Anagi II Stove

A step-by-step guide to making a two pot ceramic stove.

Monitoring Indoor Air Pollution

Smoke from cooking with wood, dung and crop residues is the fourth greatest risk for death and disease in the world's poorest countries.

Refrigeration in Developing Countries

In vast areas of developing countries that are without reliable electricity supply alternative methods for refrigeration are needed.

no comments