Urban waste, water and sanitation


The programme aims to improve the health of 150,000 urban residents, through increased awareness, providing access to safe drinking water, better sanitation facilities, waste services and proper solid waste management, and practicing safe hygiene behaviours.

The urban poor households and disadvantaged groups will be the primary beneficiary for this sector.

The major interventions in this sector will be –

  • Increasing awareness on health impact of water, sanitation and waste interventions;
  • Increasing access to safe water, better sanitation and waste services;
  • Promoting low cost appropriate technologies/techniques and solutions for water,  sanitation, and waste interventions; and
  • Financing/market models on increasing access to water, sanitation and waste facilities.

Projects under this sector

Open Defecation Free Gulariya Municipality by 2015

In some rural areas of Nepal, people defecate in fields, rivers and other open spaces instead of using a toilet which can lead to diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea and worms. This happens either because they don't have access to a toilet or because they lack understanding about sanitation.

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Delivering Decentralisation

Practical Action is implementing this project to empower urban slum dwellers to engage effectively in decision making and delivery of improved urban services in Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

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Urban waste pickers in Kathmandu (PRISM)

Nepal, 2011-2014. Urban waste pickers are among the poorest people in Kathmandu valley. This project aims to improve the living conditions of informal workers in the solid waste management sector.

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Community Action Plans - CAP handbook (Nepali)

The CAP Handbook supports in development of Community Action Plans (CAP) with participation of urban-poor/slum dwellers comprising mostly marginalised groups within the municipal boundary enabling them to include their needs in the municipal planning process and have them addressed by the municipality. The CAP process illustrates the importance and understanding of planning rather than demanding infrastructure improvements on an ad-hoc basis. In Nepali.


SWASHTHA Lessons Learnt

The SWASTHA project (Strengthening Water, Air, Sanitation and Hygiene Treasuring Health) developed and promoted integrated approaches by addressing major environmental health risks in Nepal, such as indoor air quality, water quality, sanitation facilities, and hygiene behaviours. This report documents the lessons learnt, and recommends strategies, approaches and activities for an ideal water and sanitation project for poor, vulnerable and excluded communities.

Best Practice in Solid Waste Management

This manual demonstrates successful waste management in Nepal. Practical Action Nepal

Completed projects

SWASHTHA - Strengthening Water, Air, Sanitation and Hygiene Treasuring Health

This project aims to develop and promote integrated approaches by addressing major environmental health risks, such as indoor air quality, water quality, sanitation facilities and hygiene behaviours to create healthy homes benefiting 30,000 women and children in urban and peri urban settlements i...

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Archive: Sustainable urban environment programme

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