Water and sanitation

In general, Peru and Bolivia are experiencing growth in their economies. Despite that, and according to reports of human development of each country, gaps are still evident in relation to the quality of life of its people in various strata. In the case of Peru, more than five million people lack access to water and sanitation, while in Bolivia, are approximately 2.9 million inhabitants (46% of the total population) who lack access to the national water network.

It is estimated that in Peru and in Bolivia, approximately 6000 locations, between districts and municipalities, lack water and proper sanitation. One common feature is that people who have this problem are towns with little number of families. This reason makes them difficult to serve areas through conventional mechanisms of the services market, in which the application of rates is mainly due to profitability issues. In this context, Practical Action aims to:

  • Develop, validate and disseminate technologies and methodologies in the field of safe water and sanitation, which contribute to improving the levels of access and coverage of the population in rural communities or small towns and peri-urban areas of Peru and Bolivia.
  • Develop and implement management models for water and sanitation services to rural communities, small towns and peri-urban areas, incorporating the concept of integration (energy services, water and sanitation), the gender and risk management .
  • Build the capacity of communities, local and regional governments to promote a more developed process support to the proposal.

Impact - Allimpaq

Through the project "Improving the living conditions of highland families", reducing environmental risks through access and sustainable management of basic services (known as Allimpaq), Practical Action has been working with 11 associations of producers (alpacas and potatoes) to improve access to safe water systems, environmental sanitation and waste management, leverage renewable energy for electricity generation and water heating, and optimize the use of biomass through improved stoves. The project benefits 6,500 residents of 22 rural communities of the Canchis province, in the districts of Maranganí, Sichuan and San Pablo, located about 3800 meters above sea level. The most important results of the period are as follows:

  • 1.014 people have gained access to safe water in their homes as a result of water systems that have been built by the project.
  • 24 filters are implemented and 15 biosand systems houses have been built.
  • We have strengthened the knowledge of 1,135 people (227 household heads, 136 heads and 91 heads of family) on the importance of rural sanitation in their homes, over 13 workshops and 206 home visits.
  • 672 people have toilets in their homes with microfilters for the disposal of solid waste, both organic and inorganic.
  • 1.032 people have improved stoves in their homes.
  • 1.190 people know the personal hygiene benefits of using a solar heater for showers in educational institutions and Toxaccota Quenamari.

With the promotion of the healthy schools project for community development in Hualgayoc, in the department of Cajamarca, Practical Action has been working to improve access to clean water and sanitation for the health benefit of 100 children and teachers Chulipampa. The most important results of the period are as follows:

  • 127 people members of the Chulipampa educational community (students, teachers and parents) have access to safe water service and make use of proper sanitation, improving hygiene.
  • 70 children and 5 teachers benefit from a system of bathrooms, composed of toilets, sinks and showers. The bathrooms are separated for children and teachers, and include a septic tank.
  • Implementation of 3 hot showers installed, benefiting 70 children and 5 teachers.

Victor Félix Quispe

Victor Félix Quispe and his family live high in the mountains, raising alpacas and llamas. He explains the changes they have experienced as a result of the work carried out by Practical Action, including piped water, solar energy, an improved stove and an ecosan latrine.

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The best toilet in the village

“When Practical Action first explained how the toilet worked, I thought it was very strange, and that it would never work. But after the training we received, I realised that it is very easy to use, and most importantly, that the waste can be used to fertilise our pastures!”

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Rehabilitation and management of drinking water and energy in the Chorro Blanco village, district and province of San Pablo, Cajamarca

Purpose: To help improve the quality of life of the population of Chorro Blanco, through the rehabilitation and expansion of water and sanitation services, managed locally by a micro-utilities.
Period: 2010
Location: Province of San Pablo, San Pablo District, Chorroblanco community. Cajamarca (Peru)
Beneficiaries: 65 families.
Financial: The Christadelphian Meal a Day Fund of the Americas
Amount: $33,500

Promoting healthy schools for community development in Peru

Purpose: To improve the conditions of health and hygiene in school No. 82723 - Chulipampa.
Location: Cajamarca (Peru)
Beneficiaries: Students and teachers of school No. 82723 - Chulipampa
Financial: Lutheran World Relief

Allimpaq. Improving the living conditions of high mountain families, reducing environmental risks through access to basic services and sustainable management

Purpose: To improve access to safe water systems, environmental sanitation and waste management, leverage renewable energy for electricity generation and water heating, and optimize the use of biomass through improved stoves
Period: 2008-2011
Location: Districts of Sichuan Maranganí and Paul, in the province of Canchis (Cusco, Peru)
Beneficiaries: Associations Pumanota, Molinopampa, Tingabamba, Los Angeles, Quishuarani, mapani, Socorro, Quenamari, Toxaccota, Choqueccota and chillihua, located between 3,800 and 5,200 masl.
Financial: AECID
Partners: Ipade
Amount: €668,104

For more information see the Allimpaq project website (or English version via Google Translate)

Publications (in Spanish):

Boletín Infromativo del Proyecto | Agua segura: haciendo uso de sistemas unifamiliares y filtros de bioarena | Cocinas seguras. Cocinando sanamente con fogones mejorados | Saneamiento responsable. Haciendo uso de baños ecológicos secos. Bañándonos evitamos las enfermedades. La higiene personal y la ducha solar | Gestión de residuos sólidos: Manejando adecuadamente nuestros residuos | Sistema fotovoltaico: Gestión adecuada de sistemas de energía solar

Strengthening the ability to adapt to climate change by making efficient use of renewable energy and water

Purpose: The installation of basic services (water and energy) in rural schools
Period: from 2011
Location: Cajamarca
Financial: Lutheran World Relief
Amount: $438.000

Nanotechnology for water and sanitation

Purpose: Test the operation of a prototype designed for the treatment of drinking water in rural areas through the use of solar energy and nanotechnology at low cost
Period: 2008-2009
Location: Canchis (Cusco, Peru)
Beneficiaries: 234 water and sanitation specialists, local authorities
Finance: Directoraten-Generaal Samenwerking Internationale (DGIS) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Partner: National University of Engineering
Amount: £19,720

Development of innovative technologies in water and sanitation

Purpose: To improve the population's access to water and sanitation services by implementing appropriate management models for the operation, maintenance and management of these services, and user training in health education topics
Period: 2005-2006
Location: Cajamarca
Beneficiaries: 966 families (350 in the district of Chirinos and 616 in the district of Namora)
Financial: Program Grant Assistance for Grassroots Projects Human Security (APC) of the Embassy of Japan, Peru, Germany Counterpart Fund and Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS)
Partner: District Municipality District Municipality Chirinos and Namora
Amount: US $87,782 (Ford) and 598,465 soles (Namora)

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